Eating Disorders


The lack of regular format or order is what is commonly referred to as a disorder. Eating disorders arise from an extreme disturbance in the regulation of weight and eating behaviour. Eating disorders are associated with fatal physical, social and psychological effects. The eating disorder starts out as just eating larger or smaller food intakes, but with time the urge gets out of control. Many of the eating disorders are attributed to severe watch over body’s weight or shape, unmanageable efforts to control the amount of food taken or weight. These disorders may result in other life threatening conditions like substance abuse, anxiety disorders and depression. The life threatening nature of these disorders is clearly reflected by anorexia being a considerable cause of the highest mortality rate of almost all psychiatric disorders. Eating disorder is an all round condition affecting men, women, boys and girls but it is prevalent among girls and women.

Types of eating disorders

Anorexia nervosa is the commonly known type of eating disorder. People suffering from anorexia nervosa are underweight but they tend to perceive themselves as overweight. They become obsessed with food, weight control and eating. Anorexia nervosa forces its victims to exercise small food intakes of particular types, regular weight weighing and strategically portion food. People suffering from anorexia nervosa tend to exercise abnormally, misuse laxatives and induced vomiting, enemas, and engage in extreme dieting and diuretics.

The second most prevalent type of eating disorder is bulimia nervosa. Unlike anorexia nervosa, people suffering from bulimia tend to consume large and frequent amounts of food that later gets out of control. Behaviours such as excessive use of laxatives, forced vomiting, excessive exercise and fasting compensates for the overeating habits.

Treatment of eating disorder

Depending on the condition of the eating disorder, some are treatable from the first episode of treatment whereas others get dire with each episode of treatment. Eating disorders results from complex biological, genetic and psychosocial interactions. Recently, there have been numerous studies on all the factors that may lead to the formation of eating disorders such as the brain, genetics and behaviour. These studies have significantly focused on particular medications and psychotherapies that target part of the brain that control eating behaviour.

Eating disorder should be viewed as a medical condition like any other illness and people suffering from eating disorders should be treated with the required medical attention as required. People should ensure and maintain good eating habits to prevent them from suffering from conditions related to eating disorders.

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