Personality Theories


Personality theories have been explored for years by psychology experts. There are different definitions depending on who you ask and what you learn, but personality theories are basically looking at characteristics that make up a person. They may have emphasis on how they feel about something or how they perceive an idea through personal behavior. Such information is compared with others to learn about different opinions, feelings and other actions of the mind. There are several types of personality theories that continue to be reviewed today that continue to pose a number of questions.


To give a basic idea of different theories you can think about how you feel about certain subjects, events and other things that regularly occur in life. A number of theories were named after researchers that helped explore the theory and provide more meaning and possible understanding. Freud’s Theory explores what creates personal drive. These elements include impulses for sex, food and aggressive behaviors. Some of these theories were explored during childhood to help understand their origins in how they develop in the human psych. An example of this element includes psychosexual development and how humans have tendencies that develop during childhood years when considering aspects of gratification and pleasure.


Freud also reviewed the human ego and what elements may contribute to it and how it varies on different levels. Eysenck’s theory reviews another element of people’s personalities. This researcher was behind developments of a technique test that helps determine a person’s state of mind. This researcher learned about neuroticism, extraversion and psychoticism. These aspects explore characteristics such as active, easygoing, calm, quiet, reserved, etc. Overall, this theory explored how a person is considered to be stable or unstable. How a person responds to stress and the nervous system are additional elements the Eysenck theory explored.


Cattell’s theory challenged Eysenck’s theory due to different beliefs. Cattell’s theory didn’t agree with the three dimensional element of Eysenck. Cattell’s research was based on childhood performance in school and specially designed questionnaires that gathered unique information on personalities from an individual perspective. Cattell’s theory tapped into a person’s psyche using a mathematical formula. Many of these personality theories date back to the mid-1800s through mid-1900s. They offer unique insight in how people respond and react to the world around them through personal thoughts, acts, genetics and overall existence in their own environment.

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