Public health law is one of the tools that the government uses to prevent premature fatalities. The health laws describe the authority that the government has in terms of its jurisdiction when it comes to the improvement of the general public health within the normal operations and limits of the society. On the other hand, health policies help in making decisions, planning, and acting in order to achieve the healthcare societal objectives. The World Health Organization cites that for a health policy to be explicit, it must devise a future health objective or vision. The policy should also outline the duties and functions of all the stakeholders through a mutual consensus.
The health law puts emphasis on the issues that affect the health sector and how the issues shape the legal practice. The laws concerning public health can be categorized into the power of the police, illnesses prevention, and the law that governs the general public. The power of the police focuses on the role played by the civil servants. It recently made decent progress after the lawyers in the public health sector united and suggested the creation of the Model State Public Health Act. The illnesses prevention category deals with the legal procedures that are directly related to diseases and possible injuries. Practitioners in this section apply measures such as legislation and litigation. The law that governs the general public includes the description of the legality of issues that govern the public health. The section applies tools such as epidemiology to make an analysis of the legal aspects of the public health.
The health policies are categorized depending on the issue that they address. Some of the categories include the personal care policy, policies concerning vaccinations, and policies regulating the distribution and consumption of tobacco. The policies go to the extent of describing other aspects of health such as the financials, the process of delivering health care, and the quality of healthcare that health providers should aim at achieving. For policies to be effective in the health sector, they must be implemented. The policies are usually developed into models for easy understanding and implementation.
To conclude, even though health policy laws and policies may seem different, they act in a complementary way to ensure that the societal needs in terms of health are met. The health laws help to govern the creation of the health policies, which after adoption solves the health issue at hand.
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