An argument consists of an  introduction, the development of the argument and the conclusion. The introduction should define the terms of the argument and the body should develop the argument using facts,  expert  opinion and statistics.

Coming up with relevant definition of the argument

  • - The argument must convince the reader
  • - The writer must avoid fallacious arguments
  • - He must avoid arguing emotively
  • - Both the arguments for and against the proposition must be presented.
  • - The writer has to be objective.

The arguments will consist of facts and opinions. Opinions have to be supported by facts and there are four different types of facts, which are supported by evidence.

  • - Scientifically proved measurement.
  • - Observations supported by authority.
  • - Natural laws like the law of gravity.
  • - Statistical records.

Opinions are acceptable when they have the weight of authoritative  expert opinion such as a medical or legal expression of opinion on a given case.

The argument must avoid illogical our fallacious reasoning based on illogical reasoning. The writer must avoid hasty generalizations based on emotive issues or a failure to present sufficient  evidence to support the argument. The writer must:

  • - Try to anticipate arguments against the proposition.
  • - Make sure he or she presents pros and cons.
  • - Present cons as part of the overall argument to show that all aspects have been considered.

 There are basic principles governing an argument which should be observed:

  • - It takes two sides to pursue an argument.
  • - Each side faces the risk of being proved wrong.
  • - A convention of fairness so that all aspects of the argument are considered.
  • - A commitment to a logical and rational progression of the argument with all the available evidence.

Whilst the argument must have factual evidence it cannot afford to ignore public feeling and opinion on  certain issues. The element of humanity and sympathy has to be retained. The writer should always ask who the audience is.

To conclude,  a successful  argument requires persuasion and evidence. The evidence presented is divided into expert opinion and fact illustrated by statistics and graphs. Fallacious and emotional arguments must be avoided if the definition and relevancy of the argument is to be maintained. The conventions governing argument based thesis must be retained these include the fact that there are two sides to be considered and that  either party maybe proved wrong.


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